What is tree fertilizing?
This is a process whereby a natural substance that is used to make the ground more suitable for growing plants. Soil management is the administration the soil gets. It is the process or practice of managing soil.
There are a variety of trees and their sizes; fertilization is a good thing, but some trees need it more. The only types of trees that are likely to benefit from the fertilization process are the younger trees especially when they are established, trees with off-color foliage or trees that have dieback twigs at the end of the branches of them. It is advisable not fertilize trees that are newly planted, have limited growing space or have recent damage to root zones according ANSI A-300 standards for tree fertilization.
Fertilizing does not just happen because trees grow when they are fertilized. Knowing the ones to be fertilized and when to be fertilized is quite essential for the tree. The soil is also a reason for the fertilization; an examination of the nutrients that happen to be available in the soil and foliage will provide a more complete assessment of nutrients that are needed. The root systems of these plants will need to re-establish before fertilizers are applied. Older trees do not need to be fertilized every year. There are some essential nutrients that commonly are applied to most trees; Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are plant nutrients that are mostly used.
Trees are to be fertilized on different levels during growth, trees that are to be fertilized so that they are readily available when root growth is active. The type of fertilizer applied to the tree will greatly affect the availability. It has been suggested by some experts that Quick release fertilizers are readily available while slow release fertilizers are composed of at least 50% water insoluble fertilizer so that they can become active over an extended period of time.
To apply fertilizers, there certain steps to be followed to ensure proper application and effective fulfilment of its purpose;
Time application for trees and shrubs should be in the late fall months (October and November) after the plant has been hardened. Early spring (mid-March to April) happens to also be an appropriate time for fertilizer application, after the soil is free of frost.
Amount of Fertilizer applied
The rate at which fertilizer is applied to trees helps avoid over or under fertilization of trees. Using excessive fertilizers contribute to overgrowth of new shoots and foliage that are more likely to become infested with insects like aphids or disease pathogens like powdery mildew. Slow-release fertilizer should be applied at rates of two to four pounds per thousand square feet per application.
There are several ways to apply fertilizers, but the key point here is to apply properly. Such ways are:
– Surface application is accomplished by using a spreader or evenly distributing the pellets by hand. Surface applications are not recommended in turf areas or where runoff is possible.
– Sub-surface application is dry application accomplished by placing the fertilizer into the evenly spaced holes. The holes should be two to four inches in diameter and spaced 12 to 36 inches apart. Sub-surface liquid application utilizes the same spacing as dry application but the fertilizer is mixed with water and injected into the soil.
The goal of soil management is to protect and improve the quality of soil. Soil develops over thousands of years and is comprised of air, water, mineral particles, organic matter and organisms. One half of soil pore space which is filled with equal parts of air and water depending on the texture and soil saturation. Most of the solid is mineral particles. Organic matter may make up only five to ten percent of the soil volume. Improving poor soil conditions can be accomplished by adding organic material such as Arbor mulch or soil aeration. Happen to need soil management and tree fertilizing services in Jacksonville FL? Contact us today.