As sad as it might be to cut down a tree due to its historical or aesthetical reasons, it needs to be cut down when it poses a danger to its environment. If a tree is too close to a building the roots might pose a risk to the foundation of such a building. Weak branches might fall on roofs damaging it. A tree in the way of a utility line might also need to be cut down. Dead trees also need to be cut down. There are varied reasons why a tree might need to be cut.
Tree cutting basics
When you have decided to cut a tree, the next question is how to cut the tree. The safest way is to hire professionals in that field. To avoid damage to properties and injuries when cutting a tree, don’t do it yourself. Hire a professional. Before you cut a tree, you need to understand what’s involved. What are the necessary preparations?
The following must be considered before any tree is cut.
- The size of the tree
- The environs of the tree. Is it close to a building or utility line?
- The type of tree. Is the wood hard or soft? Is it a leaning tree? A leaning tree is one that is not straight, it tilts to one side.
- The direction you want the tree to fall.
- If you are climbing, you need your climbing gear.
- The escape routes. Two escape routes should be made. They should be 45° away from the predicted falloff tree at both sides of the tree.
- When cutting a tree it is important to get a good hinge. This directs the direction of the fall of the tree. It also helps to control the fall of the tree.
- Right tools. All tools must be in good condition.
- The safety of the person cutting the tree and the environment is important.
Types of cut
There are different types of tree cutting techniques. They include but are not limited to the snap cut and bore cut.
The snap cut
The snap cut is also called the bypass or mismatch cut. Two bypass overlapping cuts that are separated by a gap for a piece of wood having a fiber running lengthwise. Then you can push it off. Used to avoid negative rhythm. Snap cut is a directional cut. Snap cuts are used to cut the tree in chunks, not used for the whole height of the tree at once. There are three basic steps for a successful snap cut.
The cut is made for a chunk with a height of about 4 to 6 inches depending on the size of the tree and manpower. Don’t cut what you can’t manhandle. You don’t make two random cuts. The cuts are made in opposite directions. The lower of the two cuts determines the direction of the fall. It is more convenient when the cuts are made at the back and front of the tree. One towards the person cutting and the other in the opposite direction. This maximizes the shoulder strength required in making the snap. The two cuts are parallel and overlap one another. There is a distance of between 1 to 2 inches between the two cuts.
After the cuts have been made, the tree is rocked with both hands in the back and forward direction until you hear and feel the chunk snap. The tree must be completely off before you try to throw it. This prevents the tree from pulling in one direction and allows you to control the throw. The snap could take about 4 rocks or more depending on the tree and cut.
The aim is to throw so that the chunk lands flat. It takes skill and experience to throw the chunk to land flat. To achieve this, there are two methods. You either push the chunk as you throw so it does not spin or you control the number of spins such that it lands on its side.
For the bore cut, it is advisable to cut the inclined cut first before making the flat cut. The flat cut is made to meet the inclined cut. This is the bore cut. After the bore cut has been made, a cut is made at the opposite side of the tree slightly higher than the bore cut. This is called the back cut. It slightly overlaps the bore cut. The intended direction of fall determines the side the bore cut is made. The bore cut is made at the side of the tree in the intended fall direction.
Wedges are sometimes used to aid the fall of a tree using the bore cut. The wedges must be plastic, not metal. After the hinge has been made, the tree usually starts to fall. The hinge is where the back cut slightly overlaps the bore cut. If the tree is still in place after the hinge has been made, with the use of an ax hit the plastic wedges that have been inserted at the back cut in an alternating manner and watch for the fall. Immediately the tree begins to fall leave through one of the two escape routes. The tree would fall on its own.
If you are going to climb the tree, you need your climbing gear. The ropes should be checked to ensure they are still in very good condition. All knots should be made correctly. The spikes of the climbing boot should dig into the tree to avoid slipping.
In making either the snap or bore cut, the round wood fiber should be avoided. The point where the branches meet the tree should be avoided. Tree cutting should be done by professionals only. It entails more than is mentioned in this article. Need professional affordable tree cutting services in Jacksonville FL Contact us today!